A Guide to The Most Common Foot and Ankle Conditions

A Guide to The Most Common Foot and Ankle Conditions

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The foot and ankle are two of your body’s most active and complicated parts. It has 22 small bones, 33 joints, a hundred muscles, tendons, ligaments and an intricate network of blood vessels, nerves and skin. They provide support, stability, and movement to help you work through your everyday life.

When pain occurs, you will most likely not ignore it. You will see how little issues can evolve into major ones as the injury or condition progresses. As one of the most common areas to have musculoskeletal injuries, visiting a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore may be necessary.

Learn some common foot and ankle conditions and how you can address them.

What are the common foot and ankle conditions?

1. Bunions

A bunion is a painful lump in a big toe. The bones of the feet might become misaligned if the affected toe is bent outward. Wearing high heels can put a lot of strain on the toes, which can lead to this.

When a bunion is present, it is not only a physical condition but one that has far-reaching repercussions on a person’s ability to do everyday chores. Although there are non-invasive techniques, bunion surgery in Singapore is necessary if all treatments don’t work.

A bunion may also cause the following symptoms:

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Sensitive when you touch it
  • Constant or intermittent discomfort in the joint or the toes
  • Calluses

2. Arthritis

Arthritis may happen in your great toe, midfoot, hindfoot or ankle. The causes and effects may vary depending on which part is in pain. In the case of knees, those who underwent ACL surgery in Singapore have an increased risk of experiencing this later in life.

Ankle arthritis

Osteoarthritis happens because of a breakdown of cartilage in the ankle joint due to trauma, inflammatory illness, or infection.

A postoperative rehabilitation programme and the recovery of knee movement are considered critical to bringing down the chance of acquiring arthritis following an ACL tear.

Big toe joint arthritis

can make walking impossible if it prevents you from bending your big toe. Occasionally, a bone spur, or lump on the joint’s upper surface, might cause further pain. Consult a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore once you experience this.

Midfoot arthritis

Climbing stairs or performing other tasks might be difficult because of discomfort and stiffness. For this issue, there are numerous non-surgical options you may ask your ankle specialist in Singapore.

Hindfoot arthritis

Symptoms of this condition include pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion. It commonly manifests itself in the years after the incident. You may need surgery or replacement if it worsens over time.

3. Flatfoot deformity

To put it simply, acquired flatfoot deformity, also known as Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction, is a long-term disorder that causes recurrent stress on the inside of the foot and ankle soft tissues.

If the arch on the foot’s inner side becomes weaker or a new flatfoot develops, this could be an indication that the condition is present. Visiting a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore can help prevent it from collapsing.

On the other hand, flexible flat feet is a common and typically non-painful ailment that occurs when the arches fail to form during the early years of life. There are also other types, such as rigid and vertical talus.

4. Ankle sprains

Ankle sprains usually heal on their own in eight weeks or less, with only supportive care required while the ligaments repair. However, those unable to put any weight on their feet should have an X-ray taken to rule out any further damage to their ankle bone.

The most complex ankle sprains involving torn ligaments, bone or cartilage damage are more difficult to cure. To prevent sprains from worsening, visit an ankle specialist in Singapore for diagnosis and treatment.

5. Achilles tendonitis

Repetitive inflammation and injury from Achilles tendonitis increase the risk of an Achilles tear and a complete tendon rupture. High-level athletes and individuals whose sport demands them to jump may benefit from surgical Achilles tendon restoration. Orthopaedists can reattach the tendon with a tiny incision in individuals who have recently suffered an injury.

An MRI or a physical examination by a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore will be able to assess the kind and extent of the damage.

6. Stress fractures

For anyone active every day, experiencing fracture is familiar, especially for sports players. When a bone is overworked, it can develop a small crack known as a stress fracture. In addition to swelling and soreness, stress fracture signs include pain that worsens with activity and relieves with rest.

7. Inflammation (Plantar Fasciitis)

Inflammation of the Fascia band of tissue in the foot’s arch causes this intense pain in the foot heel to develop. A common complaint among those with this illness is that it hurts to get out of bed or get up after resting for a long time. Like undergoing bunion surgery in Singapore, you will find it hard to move.

In some cases of Plantar Fasciitis, the RICE method can work as a treatment. In others, anti-inflammatory medicine and a heel pad are necessary for recovery.

How do orthopaedists address foot and ankle conditions?


Even though surgery is not always necessary to treat foot and ankle injuries and ailments, orthopaedic doctors now have more treatment choices available than ever, thanks to recent developments in orthopaedics.

Previously, postoperative pain was a cause for concern, but patients can now take advantage of new anaesthetic procedures that combine multiple types of pain control to reduce their suffering.

After three months, most patients have recovered to around 80-85% of their pre-injury state, with swelling decreasing and muscle strength returning to normal. When you work with a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore, they will be able to provide you with the treatment and therapy process that you need.

Acute injuries like sprains and long-term degenerative conditions like bunions can get treated with a multidisciplinary approach. Innovative surgical and non-surgical procedures and personalised treatment plans are available.

Get the proper treatment from the Specialist Orthopaedic Centre


Are you looking for a foot and ankle specialist in Singapore? Consider consulting Dr Kannan Kaliyaperumal. He has undergone advanced training to handle and treat patients effectively. Book an appointment with a Specialist Orthopaedic Centre today!

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